Seluruh umat muslim di dunia murka ketika mereka tau bahwa ada sebuah film yang menghina Nabi Besar Muhammad SAW.berikut beritanya :
Innocence of Muslims, previously called Innocence of Bin Laden (working title: Desert Warrior, YouTube titles The Real Life of Muhammad and Muhammad Movie Trailer), is an amateur 2012 film directed by Alan Roberts that disparages Islam and its prophet, Muhammad. Months after it was shown one time in a Hollywood theater, two film trailers were released on YouTube, in July 2012. The trailers were dubbed into Arabic, and then spread by Egyptian-American blogger and Coptic Christian Morris Sadek.
On September 8, 2012, a two-minute excerpt from the film was broadcast on Al-Nas TV, an Egyptian Islamist television station. Violent protests, allegedly against the film, broke out on September 11, the eleventh anniversary of the Al-Qaeda attacks on New York's World Trade Center and other U.S. landmarks. The protests spread to Libya, Yemen and other Arab and Muslim nations over the following days, included the 2012 U.S. diplomatic missions attacks, incorporating an attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, that resulted in at least 14 deaths; that of U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and those of three other Americans. The film has allegedly sparked protests around the world.
BackgroundVisual depictions of Muhammad are considered forbidden in some traditions of Islam; although the main scripture of Islam, (the Quran), does not explicitly forbid images of Muhammad, there are a few supplemental teachings, (hadith) that do. Depictions of Muhammad have previously led to mass protests, violence and terrorist attacks, as in 2005 when a Danish newspaper, Jyllands-Posten, invited 40 caricaturists to sketch their interpretation of Muhammad, and published the 12 cartoons that were received.
Content and commentarySky News said the film clip was anti-Muslim and "designed to enrage". According to Reuters news service, the film trailer portrays Muhammad as a "fool, a philanderer and a religious fake"; NBC news said the trailer depicted Muhammad "as a womanizer, a homosexual and a child abuser." The video opens with Egyptian Muslims burning the homes of Egyptian Christians while Egyptian security forces are standing idle. The following scene goes back to Muhammad's time. His wife Khadija is shown to create the Koran out of Old and New Testament verses; the film portrays this as the founding of Islam. The Prophet's followers are portrayed as "savage killers hungry for wealth and bent on killing women and children." In the excerpt of the film and the trailer, the character of Muhammad calls a donkey "the first Muslim animal". with Time describing the scene as showing Muhammad having a "homoerotic, one-sided conversation with a donkey".
Critics panned the film. It "includes not a single artistically redeemable aspect at all." The directing is "atrocious"; the sets "terrible"; the acting consists of "their blank eyes and strained line readings". It’s been called an inept vanity project that's "far beneath any reasonable standard of moviemaking." Neumaier concludes "Even if you believe that art can be blasphemous, you'd have to consider this thing art first. And that is impossible to imagine."
Muslim filmmaker Kamran Pasha commented that the film's portrayal was "utterly alien to the Islam of love and gentleness" he knew. He noted that although some accounts described Muhammad's consummation of marriage with Aisha at the age of nine, others disagreed; although Muhammad was polygamous, his household was "embarrassingly modest" compared to the harems of powerful men of the time; and that the killing of members of the Banu Qurayza was according to the Torah and comparatively merciful for the era.
ProductionThe cast and crew have publicly stated that they were deceived about the purpose and content of the film. In a statement obtained by CNN, the film's 80 cast and crew members disavowed the film, saying: "The entire cast and crew are extremely upset and feel taken advantage of by the producer. We are 100% not behind this film and were grossly misled about its intent and purpose." It further explained, "We are shocked by the drastic re-writes of the script and lies that were told to all involved. We are deeply saddened by the tragedies that have occurred." Cindy Lee Garcia, who played the mother of Muhammad's bride-to-be, said the script was for a movie about life in Egypt 2,000 years ago, called Desert Warrior (and possibly also Desert Storm,) and that the character "Muhammad" was referred to as "Master George" on set. According to Garcia, "Bacile" claimed to be an Israeli real estate mogul. Later, however, he told her he was Egyptian and she heard him speaking in Arabic with other men on set. Garcia stated it makes her "sick" that she was involved in a film that caused people to die and that she is considering legal action against "Bacile." Sarah Abdurrahman, a producer for WNYC's On the Media program, watched the trailer and concluded that all of the religious references were overdubbed after filming. The independent film was produced and directed by a person first identified in casting calls as Alan Roberts. After the film's original content was altered without knowledge of the original director, a man named "Sam Bacile" took credit for directing the film.
In September 2012, "Sam Bacile" was initially described as a 56-year-old (52-year-old according to the Wall Street Journal) real estate developer from Israel who spoke by phone with the Associated Press. Israeli authorities found no sign of him being an Israeli citizen, and there was no indication of a 'Sam Bacile' around 50 years old living in California, having a real estate license or participating in Hollywood filmmaking. Though "Bacile" claimed the film had been made for $5 million from more than 100 Jewish donors, Hollywood Reporter described the film's appearance as unprofessional, bringing this claim into doubt. According to a man who identified himself to the Wall Street Journal as Bacile, the film was produced to call attention to what he called the "hypocrisies" of Islam.
Later, "Sam Bacile" was identified as Nakoula Basseley Nakoula, a Coptic Christian immigrant from Egypt living in Cerritos, California, near Los Angeles. In 2010, Nakoula, who had served prison time on a 1990s conviction for manufacturing methamphetamine, pleaded no contest to bank fraud and was sentenced to 21 months in prison; he was released on probation from prison in June 2011. Authorities said Nakoula told the police that he had written the movie's script while in prison and, together with his son, Abanob Basseley, raised between $50,000 and $60,000 from his wife's family in Egypt to finance the film. According to CNN, the FBI contacted him because of the potential for threats, but he is not under investigation by the FBI. However, federal officials are investigating whether Nakoula violated the terms of his prison release which required him to refrain using the Internet for five years.
American non-profit Media for Christ obtained film permits to shoot the movie in August 2011, and Nakoula provided his home as a set and paid the actors, according to government officials and those involved in the production. Media for Christ president Joseph Nassralla Abdelmasih reportedly went into hiding after the violent response to the film.
Steve Klein, a Vietnam veteran who has been active in opposing Islam and has been associated with paramilitary "hate groups" at his church according to the Southern Poverty Law Center, was asked by Nakoula to be the spokesman for the film. The movie's self-identified consultant, Klein reportedly told Nakoula: "You're going to be the next Theo van Gogh." Klein later told journalist Jeffrey Goldberg that "Bacile" is not a real person and is neither Israeli nor Jewish, as has been reported, and that the name is a pseudonym for about 15 Copts and Evangelical Christians from Syria, Turkey, Pakistan and Egypt; Goldberg questioned the reliability of Klein. Klein rejected any blame for the violent reaction to the movie, saying, "Do I feel guilty that these people were incited? Guess what? I didn't incite them. They're pre-incited, they're pre-programmed to do this."